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Facts and Traditions
The Rotary Four-Way Test
The code of business ethics known as the Rotary 4-Way Test was written by club member Herbert J. Taylor in 1932 and adopted by Rotary International in 1943. It sums up the basics of what Rotary stands for.
Of the Things We Think, Say or Do:
1. Is it the Truth?
2. Is it Fair to All Concerned?
3. Will it Build Goodwill and Better Friendships?
4. Will it be Beneficial to All Concerned?
Rotary’s Wheel Emblem
A wheel has been the symbol of Rotary since our earliest days. The first design was made by Chicago Rotarian Montague Bear, an engraver who drew a simple wagon wheel, with a few lines to show dust and motion. The wheel was said to illustrate "Civilization and Movement." Most of the early clubs had some form of wagon wheel on their publications and letterheads. Finally, in 1922, it was decided that all Rotary clubs should adopt a single design as the exclusive emblem of the movement. In 1923, the present geared wheel, with 24 cogs and six spokes, was adopted by the Rotary International Association. A group of engineers soon advised that the geared wheel was mechanically unsound, and would not work without a "keyway" in the center of the gear to attach it to a power shaft. So the keyway was added and the design which we now know was formally adopted as the official Rotary International Emblem.
International Responsibilities of a Rotarian
As an international organization, Rotary offers each member unique opportunities and responsibilities. Although each Rotarian’s first responsibility is to uphold the obligations of citizenship of his or her own country, membership in Rotary enables one to take a somewhat different view of International affairs. In the early 1950’s, a Rotary philosophy was adopted to describe how a member may think on a global basis. Here is what it said:
A world-minded Rotarian:
* Looks beyond national patriotism and considers himself sharing responsibility for the advancement of international understanding, goodwill and peace
* Resists any tendency to act in terms of national or racial superiority
* Seeks and develops common grounds for agreement with peoples of other lands
* Defends the rule of law and order to preserve the liberty of the individual so that he may enjoy freedom of thought, speech and assembly, and freedom from persecution, aggression, want and fear
* Supports action directed toward improving standards of living for all peoples, realizing that poverty anywhere endangers prosperity everywhere
* Upholds the principles of justice for mankind
* Strives always to promote peace between nations and prepares to make personal sacrifices for that ideal
* Urges and practices a spirit of understanding of every man’s beliefs as a step toward international goodwill, recognizing that there are certain basic moral and spiritual standards which will ensure a richer, fuller life.